Natural fertilizers to use to fertilize plants at home, in the garden and in the vegetable garden. Ash, nettle, coffee grounds and more are effective and at no cost!
Those who love to cultivate vegetables, plants and flowers, surround themselves with flower gardens, tidy vegetable gardens and indoor plants always in top form, certainly love nature.
Not only the green, but above all witnessing the magic that happens when, simply by dedicating time, care and attention to a land, from arid and apparently uncultivated, we see sprouts emerge, plants grow, the first fruits of the season appear.
Those who make the cultivation of the land, a profession or even a satisfying hobby, even in their own small way by deciding to make a modest plot of land bear fruit, perhaps right outside their home, will love direct contact with the open air and therefore the environment. surrounding.
And although we know that there are also very effective fertilizers and fertilizers on the market, it is important to go back to the origins, to the systems adopted by past generations in order to improve the quality of the soil to genuinely encourage the growth of plants, flowers, fruit and vegetables.
So let’s find out how to fertilize potted plants, the garden and the vegetable garden in a green way, using natural fertilizers that are still effective, in addition to manure (cow manure, chicken manure, horse manure).
In addition to the first advantage over all, that is to be able to fertilize the soil by yourself without resorting to chemicals, natural fertilizers bring with them other aspects that are not at all negligible.
These consist in giving new life to substances mostly already present in the house, in the fridge or in the pantry, which we use in our diet.
For this reason, it is not necessary to buy specific products, but simply to learn how to give a new function to what we normally consider waste or leftovers at home ready to end up in the garbage cans.
So, we start from recycling and do not add expense items to the family budget, on the contrary: the products we buy for us and our family, we will discover that they can also be used as truly natural fertilizers for the soil of the vegetable garden and garden, or for those who have little space for outdoor cultivation but love to fertilize potted plants at home or on the terrace, using ecological methods. So goodbye to expensive purchases in favor of reuse!
Even some foods can be used as a soil improver for the vegetable garden and more: they are often ready to be used and do not even need to be processed or treated with long and laborious processes.
But what is a fertilizer? A product or substance that is used for the purpose of providing the soil with all the nutrients it needs to improve its composition and structure and, as a consequence, improve the fertility of the soil itself.
Mineral fertilizers can be specific depending on the crops.
The goal can be to grow succulent, good and large vegetables in the garden vigorously and quickly, or to give a well-kept and quality-rich appearance of plants and flowers to gardens and flower beds, or even to improve the growth of potted plants.
Therefore, fertilizers are used to increase the quality and quantity of vegetables in the garden, blooms in pots, on shrubs and more.
Compost as a resource for fertilization: natural fertilizer for the vegetable garden
Many will have heard of compost, a real compound, the result of the conservation of organic waste such as fruit and vegetable peel, eggs, cut branches, withered flowers and food scraps, which are collected.
From the composting process, which consists in the natural oxidation and humidification of the waste that becomes a resource here, a mix of organic substances is born that can return to the earth to make it alive, healthy and fertile.
Composting can take place in every home, simply by equipping yourself with a more or less large compost bin and following the rules and the necessary timing that leads to the maturation of the compost, ready to fertilize the soil in a natural way.
Alternatively, the aforementioned organic waste can also be collected directly outdoors, in a sort of closed enclosure, where the natural transformation process takes place.
Over time, the original material will degrade to transform into a sort of soil for vegetable gardens or plants, very precious for the well-being of the garden land, for example, as well as fruit plants.
By following the right steps even in just a few weeks you can sprinkle the compost in the earth. Those responsible for the process of degradation and transformation of the organic waste material that we would normally throw away in the waste, generally in the green or in the wet, are insects and invertebrates as microorganisms, including worms and the like that work for us.
Making your own compost is also a great way to reduce the amount of household waste, transforming waste into resources, also teaching children the importance of recycling and its purposes.
But let’s see how even more simply we can use food waste and substances that we consume in our days to naturally fertilize the earth, even without resorting to compost.
List and properties of natural fertilizing substances
Even single foods or substances that we would throw in the compost bin can be useful for amending pots and plots of land in a natural way.
We think of eggs, which we use to make omelettes, cakes and much more.
The shells, inedible waste elements, if preserved and chopped become a precious substance to be placed at the base of the plants, improving their fertility.
In addition, egg shells also keep snails away from plants, which often ruin salads and other crops even in the garden. This double function is completely green, at no cost and practically ready for use!
The shells, even crushed by hand, can be mixed with the soil to give vigor and new life to the plants, with a single gesture.
A second common waste in every kitchen, but also in offices, are coffee grounds (pods emptied after use are also valid). They contain valuable antioxidants for the soil.
The funds can be combined with the earth to make it more acidic. So the coffee grounds, instead of being eliminated, can fertilize the soil of the plants that need to grow vigorous and strong, just like geraniums, azaleas and other common balcony flowering plants.
The only precaution: avoid that the humidity released by them creates mold on the plants or in the soil.
The grounds should be stored in a dry place in a suitable container. The funds, alternatively, can be left to soak in water to obtain a liquid fertilizer that is truly beneficial for green plants.
Natural infusions as mineral fertilizers for plants
Banana peel and brewer’s yeast: natural fertilizers for roses
An infusion of banana peel, in the same way as before, macerated for about 20 days, can be used in its liquid form to fertilize plants.
But the substance contained in the banana peel for us is not edible, it can also be cut into pieces or coarsely chopped and added to the soil.
Like its fruit, the banana peel also contains a lot of potassium nitrate that will be particularly useful for the growth of roses, plants that have different cultivation cycles.
Another ingredient particularly suitable for promoting the flowering and growth of roses, a noble flower present in the most beautiful gardens and widespread in many different varieties, is brewer’s yeast, rich in vitamin B.
It is advisable to prepare a natural infusion which consists in dissolving three tablespoons of brewer’s yeast in ten liters of water, preferably lukewarm, and then watering the plants, with a particular effect on the roses. In a few days, new buds will grow on the branches.
Nettle: natural fertilizer in infusion
Nettle, a spontaneous herb capable of causing itching and discomfort in case of accidental contact, is excellent as the main ingredient to create a liquid fertilizer for the vegetable garden in the form of a precious infusion to remove insects and parasites from plants.
Nettle is rich in the main nutrients that plants need, such as nitrogen, vitamins, minerals and iron.
The leaves can be diluted in water to release the nutrients and then with the infusion obtained you can water the plants, especially the tomato seedlings, a seasonal vegetable that in this natural ingredient will find a precious ally in healthy and sheltered growth. from parasites.
The doses? 1 kg of nettles immersed in ten liters of water.
Fertilize with ash
The natural fertilizers suggested above are among the most common, inexpensive but effective both in potted plants and in vegetable gardens and gardens. With them we have ascertained how the products of the earth then return to the earth to fertilize it, make it more fertile and continue the life cycle with the new plants, the fruits of the following season or the blooms to come.
A solution that you have certainly already heard of is that which sees ash, the result of burning tree trunks and branches, as the perfect natural fertilizer for the soil.
Anyone who has woods or uses wood for heating, to be burned in the stove, knows that burning produces a large quantity of ash, which must then be removed to leave the stove clean and ready for subsequent loads. The volatile ash also risks dirtying and is always thrown away, after being collected with a special dustpan and broom.
However, if stored, the ash produced by the combustion of wood of those who know its origin and therefore know it has not been treated, is a very powerful fertilizer, even very versatile because it can be sprinkled to fertilize the vegetable garden as well as the garden. Let’s think of hedges or bushes: the collected ash can be sprinkled near the roots to fertilize the plant, as happens to the plants in the garden.
The ash is in fact what remains of the tree, which in turn has absorbed from the soil, through the deep roots, the nutrients present in nature. The most suitable time to spread the ash, rich in nutrients that thus return to the earth in order to fertilize it, is before digging, sowing or replacing the plants.
The advantages of ash as a fertilizer are twofold: it provides many vital substances for plants, such as potassium, phosphorus and calcium, and also keeps away snails that often damage vegetables in the garden.
A great solution to fertilize your plants and garden is LOMI. With LOMI you’ll be able to turn your waste into nutrient-rich compost, the best fertilizer you can image!
You may visit also How to Fertilize your Plants and Garden